Diving OUR SEA HAS UNIQUE CHARM AND OFFERS SOME OF THE MOST SPECTACULAR SEA BOTTOM VIEWS IN THE MEDITERRANEAN. Our technical staff will assist you in experiencing moments of pure discovery and relaxation. The diving centers of the island have a full range of needed equipment available for rent for all types of immersions, from beginners to instruction for licensing. Instructors accompany enthusiasts and novices on a journey to experience a day different from any other, admiring the richness of the Tyrrhenian Sea. Even little ones can experience this adventure with, or without, parents. Un'esperienza unica Un tuffo, e poi il silenzio; la calma del mare che ti accoglie, con le sue meraviglie da scoprire. Immergersi nelle acque dell’Isola d’Ischia significa arricchirsi di un’esperienza unica. GALLERY LE FORMICHE (THE ANTS) ISCHIA: THE LONG SEDUCTION OF THE UNDERWORLD We recommend the Formiche area which is one of the most beautiful places to dive in the sea around the island of Ischia. It is located a short distance from the port of Ischia in the channel between Ischia and Procida. The depth does not exceed fifteen to twenty meters however; the sea bottom is beautiful and filled with small canyons between the rocks, gorges, and a large variety of plants and marine life. SANT’ANGELO SANT’ANGELO: OBSERVE THE VERY RARE GERARDIA DOWN IN THE DEEP BLUE The sea around Sant’Angelo is surely one of the most fascinating areas to visit and has become quite famous due to the presence of black coral, which is actually Gerardia. Many other marine life forms grow along the seawall, including gorgonians. The area has considerable depth and is suitable for experienced divers. NEPTUNE’S KINGDOM A MARINE PROTECTED AREA Regno di Nettuno, the area of the sea surrounding the “Flegreo Archipelago,” is formed by the islands of Ischia, Procida and Vivara. The three islands are part of large volcanic complex that is still considered active. Signs of its vitality are the numerous hot springs now used in spas and splendid gardens, forming thermal bath parks with pools of various temperatures, true botanical gardens, and beaches. The island of Ischia has only a few beaches, but they are very beautiful. It is also very green and full of sea cliffs, coves and caves. The local culture is divided between those who farm, producing fresh vegetables and delicious wines, and those who fish, dedicated to small scale fishing using a fleet of about one hundred vessels that supply the market year-round with valuable fish. The second largest island is Procida. As a result of an ancient eruption, it is located in a junction between the great volcanic caldera of Campi Flegrei and that of the island of Ischia. Procida is harsher in appearance, characterized by high cliffs and its structure reflects a rough yet Mediterranean island. Those who reach the island are greeted by an adorable port and a colorful and sunny atmosphere, which contrasts the harshness of its rocky appearance. In fact, if you examine the island closely you will discover green gardens and the most fragrant lemons, which have a strong influence on the local cuisine. Procida is more closed off to news than its neighbor, Ischia, but it safeguards the heritage of its original villas and gardens, preserving almost intact the beautiful fishing village of Corricella. The smallest of the islands is Vivara, which has been uninhabited for a long time and is a State Nature Reserve of great importance to the European environment. Inserted in the chain of islands that includes Ischia, Procida, Ventotene, Palmarola, and Ponza, Vivara is instrumental in the feeding and survival of millions of small migratory creatures who would never make it to their breeding grounds if they encountered a hostile and man-made environment. The Regno di Nettuno unites and divides this reality, creating an unmistakably unique environment and one that is among the most fascinating of the Mediterranean. THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT YOU CAN IMAGINE THE RICHNESS OF THE SEA OF AMP “REGNO DI NETTUNO” FROM OBSERVING THE PERIMETER OF THE AREA The first thing to strike and intrigue you is an odd extension to the north that is two miles wide, eight miles long and stretches to the town of Cuma on the mainland. This oddity, which corresponds to the so-called Canyon of Cuma, makes the Regno di Nettuno a very unique area in the Mediterranean. In fact, this formation extends its protection of the AMP to an incredible wealth of cetaceans (dolphins, whales, sperm whales, etc.) in this section of the Mediterranean. The other emergency that is enclosed within the confines of the AMP is an extraordinary prairie of Posidonia oceanica (commonly known as Neptune Grass or Mediterranean tapeweed) that surrounds the islands, especially Ischia, for tens of square kilometers. The Regno di Nettuno owes its incredible richness to its particular position on an extremely important boundary line which divides the northern area of the Mediterranean from the southern. This climatic boundary means that the Archipelago Flegreo is located to the extreme north of the expansion of species that colonize the southern Mediterranean and the extreme south of the expansion of the species that prefer colder climates. The result is the simultaneous presence in this area of all species of the Mediterranean. This feature persuaded Anton Dohrn, a German scholar friend of Charles Darwin, to establish his research between Naples and Ischia and build the first institute of marine biology in the world in 1872. This institute is still today one of the most prestigious. The seabed and the sea of AMP “Regno di Nettuno” contain a complete variety of environments, including coral reefs with incredible red algae formations and coral. Gerardie Saval, false black coral, is characteristic of Ischia and present along the ridge of the “torre” of Sant’Angelo as well as many caves. The waters of the Regno are frequented by all species of fish typical of Mediterranean rocky areas, but also by migratory flows of squid and all species of bluefish and small tunnidi (tuna). The area to the west, toward the island of Ventotene, and the area to the north are the areas showing the highest density of marine mammals, along with the presence of all species of this sea. The density is likely to lead to a regulation designed to limit the frequent injuries to whales, dolphins and sperm whales by ships and high-speed motorboats. The Canyon of Cuma, in particular, hosts the most important family present in the Mediterranean, the common dolphin. Despite its name, is at risk today and is included in the IUCN Red List of endangered species.