AN ARCHEOLOGICAL TOUR OF GREEK AND ROMAN CIVILIZATIONS
In the scenic villa Arbusto built in the eighteenth century on the hill in Lacco Ameno by Carlo d’Acquaviva, Duke of Atri, you will find the hospitality of the archeological museum of Pithecusae. It includes Greek and Roman artifacts, objects unearthed during excavations carried out on the island by the great archeologist Bucchner, a German scholar who chose to live and work in Ischia. The discovery of Pithecusae, the Greek colony founded by the Euboeans in Lacco AMeno in the eighth century BC, is all due to Bucchner’s work.
Among the most important pieces located in the museum is the Cup of Nestor, also known as a kotyle, decorated with geometric motifs and dating back to the eight century BC. It is inscribed with a three line epigram that alludes to the famous cup described in the Iliad of Homer, “Nestor’s cup I am, good to drink from. Whoever drinks this cup empty, straightaway the desire of beautiful-crowned Aphrodite will seize.” The funny thing is that this kotyle was found at the funeral of a ten year old boy. From a scientific point of view, the important thing is that the verses of Nestor’s Cup, in addition to being one of the oldest examples of Greek writing in our possession, are also the first known fragments of poetry dating back to the time of Homer and preserved in their original form, the same as that of the famous epic poem.
In the museum you can reconstruct an entire world from the first Greek colony of the west, Pithecusae. In fact, you can find all kids of artifacts including religious objects, utensils, jewelry, children’s toys, bottles of scented oils and ointments, and even parts of houses, such as decorated eaves, and terracotta cookware. The civilization was so advanced that it lived on the cultivation of wine, crafts, and life at sea, as shown by another fascinating artifact, a vase with the name Il Cratere del Naufragio. In the artwork we see what today we call workplace drama: fisherman at the mercy of strong waves trying to save themselves from the fury of the sea while a huge fish has just bitten one of their partners.
The museum is open Tuesday – Sunday (Closed Monday)
Winter Hours: 9:30am to 1pm and 3pm to 7pm
Summer Hours: 9:30am to 1pm and 4pm to 8pm
Il museo è aperto tutti giorni, tranne il lunedì,
orario invernale: dalle ore 9.30 alle 13.00 e dalle ore 15.00 alle 19.00
estivo: dalle ore 9.30 alle 13.00 dalle ore 16.00 alle 20.00